Teaching of Lao Tzu – How we can know where is the source of our problems and diseases, especially mental illness

Reading the teaching of Lao Tzu and Buddha, I know that great achievement and happiness comes from the action without expectation, action without condition, or unconditional love.

Positive emotion, enthusiasm, energy belong to attitude, that why positive attitude can be understood that taking action vigorously and selflessly without expectation. Positive people take little material but gain the most for the mind and brain. I want to brow the teaching of Lao Tzu to summarize some of the principles. His teachings are so profound that we can inherit to understand our stupid, to correct our mistakes. It is time to stop our ignorance; it is time to correct our mistakes. Only a few basics principles to follow to have a happy life, so that happiness comes from putting heart into actions that follow the moral and virtue, from understanding and acting; happiness does not come from knowing, studying and abundance living without taking action. People who master the science of achievement and success in career, but still violating the virtue, the principles in the art of happiness, also get stress in life.There is the effortless way in the teaching of the Lao Tzu from Te-Tao Ching, all he taught is the paradoxes of life. In history, some dictators may use the paradoxes and power of rhetoric to seduces people commit the war. Owning for the education, we know to understand these paradoxes and use it to mater the life.
1. Tao and Primal Virtue:All things arise from Tao.They are nourished by Virtue.They are formed from matter.They are shaped by environmentThus the ten thousand things all respect Tao and honor Virtue.Respect of Tao and honor of Virtue are not demanded,But they are in the nature of things.Therefore all things arise from TaoBy Virtue, they are nourished,Developed, cared for,Sheltered, comforted,Grown, and protected.Creating without claiming,Doing without taking credit,Guiding without interfering,This is Primal Virtue. Lao Tzu, Tao Te Ching
2. Rule a nation with justice.Wage war with surprise moves.Become master of the universe without striving.How do I know that this is so?Because of: The more laws and restrictions there are,The poorer people become.The sharper men’s weapons,The more trouble in the land.The more ingenious and clever men are,The more strange things happen.The more rules and regulations,The more thieves and robbers.Therefore the sage says:I take no action and people are reformed.I enjoy the peace and people become honest.I do nothing and people become rich.I have no desires and people return to the good and simple life. Lao Tzu, Tao Te Ching
3. Practice non-action.Work without doing.Taste the tasteless.Magnify the small, increase the few.Reward bitterness with care.See simplicity in the complicated.Achieve greatness in little things.In the universe, the difficult things are done as if they are easy.Great acts are made up of small deeds.The sage does not attempt anything big,And thus achieved greatness.Easy promises make for little trust.Taking things lightly results in great difficulty.Because the sage always confronts difficulties,He never experiences them. Lao Tzu, Tao Te Ching
4. Peace is easily maintained;Trouble is easily overcome before it starts.The brittle is easily shattered;The small is easily scattered.Deal with it before it happens.Set things in order before there is confusion.A tree as great as a man’s embrace springs up from a small shoot;A terrace nine stories high begins with a pile of earth;A journey of a thousand miles starts with one footstep.He who acts defeats his own purpose;Try to change it, ruin it.Try to hold it, lose it.The sage does not act, and so is not defeated.He does not grasp and therefore does not lose.People usually fail when they are on the verge of success.So give as much care to the end as to the beginning;Then there will be no failure.Therefore, the sage seeks freedom from desire.He does not collect precious things.He learns not to hold on to ideas.He brings men back to what they have lost.He helps the ten thousand things find their own nature,But refrains from action. Lao Tzu, Tao Te Ching
5. The goodA good soldier is not violent.A good fighter is not angry.A good winner is not vengefulA good employer is humble.This is the Virtue of not striving.This is the ability to deal with people. Lao Tzu, Tao Te Ching

6. Paradoxes of moreToo many colors blind the eye.Too many words deafen the ear.Too many flavors dull the taste.Racing and hunting madden the mind.Precious things lead one astray.Greed will destroy them.I have three things to teachSimplicity, patience, and compassionSimplicity, patience, and compassionThese three are your greatest treasures.Simple in actions and thoughts, you return to the source of being.Patient with both friends and enemies,You accord with the way things are.Compassionate toward yourself,You reconcile all beings in the world.Lao Tzu, Tao Te Ching
7. Knowledge and humility Knowing others is wisdom;Knowing the self is enlightenment.Mastering others is strength;Mastering yourself is true power.He who knows he has enough is rich.Perseverance is a sign of willpower.He who stays where he is enduring.To die but not to perish is to be eternally present. Lao Tzu, Tao Te Ching8. Ridiculous aimlessStop thinking, and end your problems.What difference between yes and no?What difference between success and failure?Must you value what others value,Avoid what others avoidFight what others fightDie what other die?How ridiculous!Other people are excited,as though they were at a parade.I alone don’t care,I alone am expressionless,like an infant before it can smile.
Other people have what they need;I alone possess nothing.I alone drift about,like someone without a home.I am an idiot, my mind is so empty.
Other people are bright;I alone am dark.Other people are sharp;I alone am dull.Other people have purpose;I alone don’t know.I drift like a wave on the ocean,I blow as aimless as the wind.
I am different from ordinary people.I drink from the Great Mother’s breasts.

9. Embracing Tao, embracing loveEmbracing Tao, you become embraced.Supple, breathing gently, you become reborn.Clearing your vision, you become clear.Nurturing your beloved, you become impartial.Opening your heart, you become accepted.Accepting the World, you embrace Tao.Bearing and nurturing,Creating but not owning,Giving without demanding,Guiding without interfering,This is love. Lao Tzu, Tao Te Ching
10. Unknown primalClose your mouth,block off your senses,blunt your sharpness,untie your knots,soften your glare,settle your dust.This is the primal identity. Lao Tzu, Tao Te Ching
11. Desire and peaceWhen there is no desire,All things are at peace. Hope and fear are both phantomsThat arises from thinking of the self.When we don’t see the self as self,What do we have to fear? Lao Tzu, Tao Te Ching
12. Paradoxes of in and out, visible and invisibleTrue words aren’t eloquent;Eloquent words aren’t true.Wise men don’t need to prove their point;Men who need to prove their point aren’t wise.The Master has no possessions.The more he does for others,The happier he is.The more he gives to others,The wealthier he is. Lao Tzu, Tao Te Ching13. Look inside the heartMy teachings are easy to understandAnd easy to put into practice.Yet your intellect will never grasp them,And if you try to practice them, you’ll fail.My teachings are older than the world.How can you grasp their meaning?If you want to know me,Look inside your heart. Lao Tzu, Tao Te Ching14. Aimless and purposelessA good traveler has no fixed plansAnd is not intent upon arriving.A good artist lets his intuitionLead him wherever it wants.A good scientist has freed himself from conceptsAnd keeps his mind open to what is.Thus the Master is available to all peopleAnd doesn’t reject anyone.He is ready to use all situationsAnd doesn’t waste anything.This is called embodying the light.What is a good man but a bad man’s teacher?What is a bad man but a good man’s job?If you don’t understand this, you will get lost,In grief and joy, losing and gaining, past and future.However intelligent you are!It is the great secret. He who stands on tiptoeDoesn’t stand firm.He who rushes aheadDoesn’t go far.He who tries to shineDims his own light. Lao Tzu, Tao Te Ching
15. Non-desire, unlearn, but TaoHe who defines himselfCan’t know who he really is.He who has power over othersCan’t empower himself.He who clings to his workWill create nothing that endures.If you want to accord with the Tao,Just do your job, then let go. Rushing into action, you fail.Trying to grasp things, you lose them.Forcing a project to completion,You ruined what was almost ripe.Therefore the Master takes actionBy letting things take their course.He remains as calm at the endAs at the beginning.He has nothing,This has nothing to lose.What he desires is non-desire;What he learns is to unlearn.He simply reminds peopleOf who they have always been.He cares about nothing but the Tao.Thus he can care for all things. Not-knowing is true knowledge.Presuming to know is a disease.First, realize that you are sick;Then you can move toward health. \ Lao Tzu, Tao Te Ching16. What to improve, what to change?Do you want to improve the world?I don’t think it can be done.The world is sacred.It can’t be improved.If you tamper with it, you’ll ruin it.If you treat it like an object, you’ll lose it.There is a time for being ahead,A time for being behind;A time for being in motion,A time for being at rest;A time for being vigorous,A time for being exhausted;A time for being safe,A time for being in danger.The Master sees things as they are,without trying to control them.She lets them go their own way,And resides at the center of the circle. A great nation is like a great manWhen he makes a mistake, he realizes it.Having realized it, he admits it.Having admitted it, he corrects it.He considers those who point out his faultsAs his most benevolent teachers.He thinks of his enemyAs the shadow that he himself casts. Failure is an opportunity.If you blame someone else,There is no end to the blame.Therefore the MasterFulfill her own obligationsAnd corrects her own mistakes.She does what she needs to doAnd demands nothing of others. Lao Tzu, Tao Te Ching
17. Paradoxes of trueTrue perfection seems imperfect,Yet it is perfectly itself.True fullness seems empty,Yet it is fully present. True straightness seems crooked.True wisdom seems foolish.True art seems artless. Lao Tzu, Tao Te Ching
18. Learn from childrenHe who is in harmony with the TaoIs like a newborn child.Its bones are soft, its muscles are weak,But its grip is powerful.It can scream its head off all day,Yet it never becomes hoarse,So complete is its harmony.The Master’s power is like this.He lets all things come and goEffortlessly, without desire.He never expects results;Thus he is never disappointed.He is never disappointed;Thus his spirit never grows old. Lao Tzu, Tao Te Ching
19. The gate of mysteryThe Tao that can be told is not the eternal Tao.The name that can be named is not the eternal name.The nameless is the beginning of heaven and earth.The named is the mother of ten thousand things.Ever desireless, one can see the mystery.Ever desiring, one can see the manifestations.These two spring from the same source but differ in name;this appears as darkness.Darkness within darkness.The gate to all mystery. Without opening your door,You can open your heart to the world.Without looking out your window,You can see the essence of the Tao.The more you know,The less you understand.The Master arrives without leaving,Sees the light without looking,Achieves without doing a thing. Lao Tzu, Tao Te Ching20. Paradoxes are everywhereThus it is said:The path into the light seems dark,The path forward seems to go back,The direct path seems long,True power seems weak,True purity seems tarnished,True steadfastness seems changeable,True clarity seems obscure,The greatest is seems unsophisticated,The greatest love seems indifferent,The greatest wisdom seems childish.The Tao is nowhere to be found.Yet it nourishes and completes all things. Lao Tzu, Tao Te Ching

21. Intelligence versus enlightenment
Have done with learning,And you will have no more vexation.Intelligence versus enlightenment isHow great is the difference between eh and o?What is the distinction between good and evil?Must I fear what others fear?What abysmal nonsense this is!All men are joyous and beaming,As though feasting upon a sacrificial ox,As though mounting the Spring Terrace;I alone am placid and give no sign,Like a babe which has not yet smiled.I alone am forlorn as one who has no home to return to.All men have enough and to spare:I alone appear to possess nothing.What a fool I am!What a muddled mind I have!All men are bright, bright:I alone am dim, dim.All men are sharp, sharp:I alone am mum, mum!Bland like the ocean,Aimless like the wafting galeAll men settle down in their grooves:I alone am stubborn and remain outside.But wherein I am most different from others isIn knowing to take sustenance from my Mother! Lao Tzu, Tao Te Ching22. Out of sensory threshold
Look, and it can’t be seen.Listen, and it can’t be heard.Reach, and it can’t be graspedHow intelligent men know the world? Lao Tzu, Tao Te Ching23. Balancing of a great way
The great Way is easy,Yet people prefer the side paths.Be aware when things are out of balance.Simplicity without a nameIs free from all external aim.With no desire, at rest and still,All things go right as of their will. So the un-wanting soulSees what’s hidden, mysteriouslyAnd the ever-wanting soulSees only what it wants, sensually Lao Tzu, Tao Te Ching24. Greatness Tao is from present to forgottenWhen the greatness of Tao is present,The action arises from one’s own heart.When the greatness of Tao is absent,The action comes from the rules of kindness and justice.If you need rules to be kind and just,If you have to act virtuous,This is a sure sign that virtue is absent.The more lack of virtues, the more useless law, and rules created.Chaos, destruction, fighting, diseases,And extinction begins to flourish.Dying and scarifying is honoredValues becoming upside down.Countless efforts and ideas,Intelligence and solutions turn to speed the extinction.Or become useless because of the wrong roots.Thus, we see the great hypocrisy.Only when does the family lose its harmonyPeople soon do hear of dutiful sons.Only when the state is in chaos do we hear of loyal ministers. Lao Tzu, Tao Te Ching25. The master’s way
The gentlest thing in the worldOvercomes the hardest thing in the world.That which has no substanceEnters where there is no space.This shows the value of non-action.Teaching without words,Performing without actions:That is the Master’s way. Lao Tzu, Tao Te Ching

26. Great Tao is forgottenWhen the great Tao is forgotten,Goodness and piety appear.When the body’s intelligence declines,Cleverness and knowledge step forth.When there is no peace in the family,Filial piety begins.When the country falls into chaos,Patriotism is born. Lao Tzu, Tao Te Ching27. Follow the Tao If you want to become whole, let yourself be partial.If you want to become straight, let yourself be crooked.If you want to become full, let yourself be empty.If you want to be reborn, let yourself die as go to sleep every evening.If you want to be given everything, give everything up. Lao Tzu, Tao Te Ching28. Interdependent, inter-beings world When people see some things as beautiful,Other things become ugly.When people see some things as good,Other things become bad.Being and non-being create each other.Difficult and easy support each other.Long and short define each other.High and low depend on each other.Before and after follow each other.

29. Act of the masterUnderstanding the forming of forestsNature and heavenly earthTherefore the MasterActs without doing anythingAnd teaches without saying anything.Things arise and she lets them come;Things disappear and she lets them go.She has but doesn’t possess,Acts but doesn’t expect.When her work is done, she forgets it.That is why it lasts forever. Lao Tzu, Tao Te Ching30. Bellows Tao
The Tao doesn’t take sides;It gives birth to both good and evil.The Master doesn’t take sides;She welcomes both saints and sinners.The Tao is like a bellows:It is empty yet infinitely capable.The more you use it, the more it produces;The more you talk about it, the less you understand. Lao Tzu, Tao Te Ching31. In harmony with Tao
In harmony with the Tao,The sky is clear and spacious,The earth is solid and full,All creatures flourish together,Content with the way they are,Endlessly repeating themselves,Endlessly renewed.When man interferes with the TaoThe sky becomes filthy,The earth becomes depleted,The equilibrium crumbles,Creatures become extinct. Whoever is planted in the TaoWill not be rooted up.Whoever embraces the TaoWill not slip away.Her name will be held in honorFrom generation to generation.Let the Tao be present in your lifeAnd you will become genuine.Let it be present in your familyAnd your family will flourish.Let it be present in your countryAnd your country will be an exampleTo all countries in the world.Let it be present in the universe Lao Tzu, Tao Te Ching

Citation:Van Duy Dao. Awaken You Wonderful We. Amazon (2017). https://www.amazon.com/Awaken-you-wonderful-phenomena-problems/dp/1549843524  

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